“War is thus more than a mere chameleon, because it changes its nature to some extent in each concrete case. It is also, however, when it is regarded as a whole and in relation to the tendencies that dominate within it, a paradoxical trinity—composed of:

1) primordial violence, hatred, and enmity, which are to be regarded as a blind natural force;
2) the play of chance and probability, within which the creative spirit is free to roam; and
3) its element of subordination, as an instrument of policy, which makes it subject to pure reason.

The first of these three aspects concerns more the people; the second, more the commander and his army; the third, more the government. The passions that are to blaze up in war must already be inherent in the people; the scope that the play of courage and talent will enjoy in the realm of probability and chance depends on the particular character of the commander and the army; but the political aims are the business of government alone.”

Book 1, 28. The consequences for theory
On War, Carl von Clausewitz
(Howard and Paret translation, OUP, 2007)

Commentary:-
The Roman Gods and Goddesses are surely at work here.

Mars is the God of primordial violence.

Fortuna Belli is the Goddess of fortune in war, encompassing chance and probability.

Minerva is the Goddess of strategy in war, of reason.

We can represent the paradoxical trinity by this trio of Gods, circling the meadow of Atë, upon which their deadly interplay takes place.

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